Lincoln University Student Learning Outcomes (ILOs)

Lincoln University Institutional Learning Outcomes (ILOs) express a shared, campus-wide articulation of expectations for all degree recipients. Success in all disciplines taught at Lincoln University requires inquiry, imagination, creativity, collaboration, and analysis that serve to extend our understanding of the world. At our institution, we strive to graduate professionals who are able to handle personal and civic challenges and opportunities. Our ILOs define the broad areas of knowledge, skills, abilities, and values that graduates are expected to develop as a result of general education, major studies, and co-curricular activities. Graduates of Lincoln University will be able to:

ILO 1. Recognize problems, think critically, apply analytical reasoning, and propose solutions

  1. For BA/BS students it entails to develop a habit and skills of processing information based on intellectual commitment, and of using these skills to guide behavior.

  2. For MBA/MS students it entails the examination of the structures or elements of thought implicit in all reasoning: purpose, problem, or question-at-issue; assumptions; concepts; empirical grounding; reasoning leading to conclusions; implications and consequences; objections from alternative viewpoints; and frame of reference.

  3. For DBA students, it entails the incorporation of a family of interwoven modes of thinking, among them: scientific thinking, mathematical thinking, historical thinking, anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and philosophical thinking.

ILO 2. Communicate ideas, perspectives, and values clearly while listening to others

  1. For BA/BS, being able to raise vital questions and problems, formulating them clearly and precisely in oral or written communication.

  2. For MBA/MS, being able to gather and assess relevant information, using abstract ideas to interpret it effectively; being able to develop well-reasoned conclusions and solutions, testing them against relevant criteria and standards.

  3. For DBA, being able to think open-mindedly within alternative systems of thought, recognizing and assessing the needs, their assumptions, implications, and practical consequences; and being able to communicate results effectively with others in figuring out solutions to complex problems.

ILO 3. Display professional behavior, act responsibly at local, national, and global levels

  1. For BA/BS students, being able to follow the principle concerning the quality of life of all people affirming an obligation to protect fundamental human rights and to respect the diversity of all cultures.

  2. For MBA/MS students, as business professionals should attempt to ensure that the products of their efforts will be used in socially responsible ways, will meet social needs, and will avoid harmful effects to health and welfare.

  3. For DBA, students, as business professionals should minimize the possibility of indirectly harming others by following generally accepted standards at local, national or international levels. Being able to assess the social consequences of developed product to project the likelihood of any serious harm to others.

ILO 4. Work collaboratively and respectfully as members of diverse organizational teams

  1. BA/BS students will be able to focus on individual and organizational benefits; communicate to co-workers and company's leadership in facilitation of collaborative environment. Be honest and transparent with regard to their work, and being respectful of the work of others.

  2. MBA/MS students will be able to lead by example in order to create highly collaborative organizational environment, and being able to develop and use strategies to encourage employees at all organizational levels to do the same.

  3. DBA students will be able to integrate collaboration into organizational workflow; create a supportive environment for collaboration and teamwork, and lead by example.

ILO 5. Demonstrate leadership skills through the ability to set directions and motivate othersĀ 

  1. BA/BS students should be able to display sincerity, integrity, and cantor in all their actions. Their actions should be based on reason and moral principles; to inspire others by showing endurance in mental, physical, and spiritual stamina.

  2. MBA/MS students should be able to set up goals and have a vision of the future. The vision should be owned throughout the organization. As effective leaders, they should habitually pick priorities stemming from their basic values.

  3. DBA students should be able to have perseverance to accomplish a goal, regardless of the obstacles; use sound judgments to make decisions at a right time; make timely appropriate changes in thinking, plans, and methods in achieving organizational goals.

ILO 6. Apply creativity and innovation in their field of study

  1. BA/BS students should be able to show creativity by thinking of new and better goals, ideas, and solutions to problems. Be resourceful problem solvers.

  2. MBA/MS students should be able to constantly look, develop, and offer new or improved services; be able to use original approaches when dealing with problems in workplace.

  3. DBA students should be able to set up realistic goals for the organization; encourage innovative strategies, and convey a clear sense of future direction to employees.

ILO 7. Demonstrate expertise and integration of ideas, methods, theory and practice in specialized discipline of study

  1. BA/BS students should be able to define and explain the boundaries, divisions, styles and practices of the field; define and properly use the principal terms in the field, both historical and contemporary.

  2. MBA/MS students should be able to demonstrate fluency in the use of tools, technologies and methods in the field; evaluate, clarify and frame complex questions or challenges using perspectives and scholarship from the business discipline.

DBA students should be able to assemble, arrange and formulate ideas, concepts, designs, or techniques and applying them to specific issues and problems; be able to apply current research, scholarship and or/techniques in the field.